The oldest astrologers. Shutterstock

Astrology and the Hindus

Hindus even had their own version of the zodiac. Though the languages are strikingly different, it has been determined that the Greek and the Hindu symbols of astrology are the same. This suggests that the two cultures interacted frequently and openly exchanged ideas. While this is one hypothesis, another asserts that it was the Sumerians, not the Greeks, who introduced the Hindus to the science of astrology. This is supported by the presence of references to the zodiac in ancient texts such as the Rg Veda and Mahabharata, which predate Greek references.